Pricing the Unpriceable: Externalities and Canadian Agricultural Policy
Prices are important signals for allocating resources efficiently. In agriculture, externalities arising from production, such as air and water pollution, or positive Ecological Goods and Services (EG&S), such as biodiversity, are not priced through the marketplace and hence are either overproduced (externalities) or underproduced (EG&S), since farmers’ production decisions will not account for these external costs or benefits. This provides a rationale for government intervention by introducing either regulations and penalties (the stick approach), or subsidies and incentives (the carrot). Increasingly, agri-environmental policies in Canada are addressing externalities by encouraging better management practices that reduce environmental impacts or reward EG&S.
In light of CAPI`s newly released Quick Think Report on Externalities, this webinar will focus on how externalities are being addressed in Canadian agriculture, with a panel of academic, industry and government experts discussing the various approaches that can be used to promote or discourage them. The webinar will open with a presentation by report author Margaret Zafiriou followed by a lively panel discussion.